Past Perfect Tense Examples

Past Perfect Tense is refers to a time earlier than before now. It is used to clear that one happened another in the past.

5 Types of Past Perfect Tense:

  1. Affirmative
  2. Negative
  3. Interrogative
  4. Negative Interrogative
  5. ‘Wh-word’ with Interrogative

Affirmative

Formula: Subject + had + V3 + object

Examples:

  1. Rakesh had gone to college.
  2. Radhika had eaten mango.
  3. You had written an application.
  4. They had played cricket.
  5. She had drunk coffee.

Negative

Formula: Subject + had + not + V3 + object

Examples:

  1. Rakesh had not gone to college.
  2. Radhika had not eaten mango.
  3. You had not written an application.
  4. They had not played cricket.
  5. She had not drunk coffee.

Interrogative

Formula: Had + subject + V3 + object?

Examples:

  1. Had Rakesh gone to college?
  2. Had Radhika eaten mango?
  3. Had you written an application?
  4. Had they played cricket?
  5. Had She drunk coffee?

Negative Interrogative

Formula: Had + subject + not + V3 + object?

Examples:

  1. Had Rakesh not gone to college?
  2. Had Radhika not eaten mango?
  3. Had you not written an application?
  4. Had they not played cricket?
  5. Had she not drunk coffee?

‘Wh-word’ with Interrogative

Formula: Wh-word + had + subject + V3 + object?

Examples:

  1. Where had Rakesh gone?
  2. What had Radhika eaten?
  3. What had you written?
  4. What had they played?
  5. What had she drunk?

Uses of Past Perfect Tense:

1 In this tense, the work completed first is denoted with Past Perfect & the work completed lated is denoted by the Past Simple.

Examples:

  • She had finished her work before I came.
  • The bus had left the bus stop before I reached.

2 When two works goes simultaneously, then Past Simple is used in both the clause.

Examples:

  • The baby can cry as soon as he is born.

3 Single happening of the past is not expressed in the Past Perfect Tense.

Examples:

  • She sang a song yesterday.

4 “Simple Past Tense” or “Present Perfect” or Direct Speech is converted into Past Perfect Tense or Indirect speech.

Examples:

Direct: She said, “I sang a song”
Indirect: She said that she has sung a letter.

5 In the conditional clause in which the condition is not fulfilled in the past.

Examples:

  • If you had reach the school in time you would have met with your friend.

6 To express the desire which has not been fulfilled in the past with wish, would sooner / rather, if only, as if, as + ought.

Examples:

  • In only I had seen the number of two wheelers.

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